Ethiopia launches first satellite in Chinese history
The satellite is said to provide information services for agriculture, mining, environmental protection, climate protection and geography.
The Ethiopian Remote Sensing Satellite – 01 (ETRSS – 01) was developed by the Chinese government and many Ethiopian experts have joined the Chinese side in the construction process. the $ 6 million satellite from China is estimated to cost a total of $ 210 million. the satellite’s data receiver is built on Entoto, and from the launch to the full control of Entoto by Ethiopian space experts.
The unforeseen drone strike has received $ 10 million from various sources and the Ethiopian government has allocated additional funds. the satellite was built in China and partly in Ethiopia, while Chinese engineers are training Ethiopians.
The satellite, which weighs 70 kilograms, will be launched on December 10, 2012. M. This morning’s evacuation from China was shown in a live broadcast. the satellite will be launched from China with the help of China. Ethiopia is its supervisor and commander,” Dr. Solomon Belay, director-general of the Ethiopian Institute of Science and Technology, told the BBC.
Why the need for a satellite?
Space exploration is one of the fastest-growing sectors in the world. Mankind is constantly on the move, eager to learn about the world around us.
In addition to space exploration, space exploration using space is a function of the Earth’s observation satellite. When the satellite collects data, this is not the case. It records everything from large events to small activities.
According to experts, the satellite has many advantages. It is used to control climate change, to predict natural disasters, provide security, and so on. Of course, many question the importance of space research in developing countries; “Space is a question of existence and non-existence for countries like Ethiopia, not a luxury,” says Dr. Solomon.
At a time when climate change is a global concern, It is wise to get information before a natural disaster strikes. the number of trees, climate change, and other data can be predicted before a catastrophic flood can occur. in a country where agriculture is the main source of income, which area is most productive? Will there be climate change? Satellite information will be needed to answer these questions easily.
According to Dr. Solomon: A photograph of an agricultural area provides details about the farmland, the water, and the soil. The data can be used to identify productive areas and to accurately measure production volumes.
When using a census, it is best to use the satellite instead of the traditional way. It is also the best option in terms of access to accurate information, saving money and manpower.
“In principle, space is used for peaceful activities,” said Dr. Solomon. They explain that it is not used for war, for weapons of mass destruction. becoming a member of the International Outer Space Institute; He added that it will prevent Ethiopia from such acts.
How did Ethiopia get the information so far?
Ethiopia used this information to buy satellite data from countries that take photographs. According to a study conducted five years ago, Ethiopia spends 250 million birr annually to purchase satellite data.
The study does not cover security costs and universities. They also explain that the cost is increasing year by year. as urbanization and investment increase, so does the need for information. So is the money. Satellite imaging is expected to reduce these costs.
Information can also be sold to countries that do not have satellites in Africa. That is why the Director-General of the Ethiopian Institute of Science and Technology says it is a big business.
Where has Ethiopia gone in space research?
The world is becoming more and more technologically advanced. Ethiopia is a beginner compared to the rest of the world. In Africa, Nigeria, South Africa, Algeria, and Egypt have good reputations. It is a remarkable achievement that Ethiopia has set up an East African Cooperation Office (EACA).
Most of the goals set by the United Nations by 2030 are space technology; Ignoring the sector indicates that it is useless.
Dr. Solomon believes that the launch of the Earth observation satellite will be a way to send a message to the world that Ethiopia is active in the field of space science.
“Technology is very important. The launch of the satellite will make Ethiopia a strong competitor and equally influential in the space sector.”
Once used, the satellite will last for three to four years. It can last longer. According to international law: Earth observation satellites are allowed to stay in space for eight years. From the satellite that Ethiopia is launching: The information for all of Ethiopia is available every four days and the world information for 55 days.
One of the most anticipated projects in the field of space research is the Lalibela International Optical Telescope.